Skip to content

Introducing Ninshubur

April 29, 2016

Merry Meet Everyone!

In order to get everyone excited for IshtarFest, each week we’re going to give you bits and pieces of information about the production in hopes that each of you will have a better understanding before attending the festival! We still have several spaces available, so if you’ve not already done so, registration links will be below this post. This week we’re going to introduce to you to the Ninshubur, Ishtar’s most loyal follower and right hand man. Continue reading on for all the fun:

Ninshubur, also known as Papsukkal is an attendant deity serving higher gods as minister.
NinshuburAttendant deities such as Papsukkal were invoked to intercede with the higher gods and goddesses on behalf of human supplicants. They guarded access to higher gods, thus functioning as gate-keepers. The name of Papsukkal’s Sumerian incarnation Ig-galla is translated as “the great doorleaf” which refers–quite literally–to the door before a shrine. This would be in keeping with the role of attendant gods as controllers of access to higher deities. A deity in his own right until the Old Babylonian period, Papsukkal is merged with Ninšubur, listed in the circle of Anu as his “grand vizier”. The replacement of the latter in the Akkadian version of Ištar’s Descent suggests that perhaps the two Ninšuburs may have been merged, or at least confused. In the Old Babylonian Period, Papsukkal is distinct from Ninšubur; the two are syncretised in the Kassite period. Papsukkal of the first millennium loses much of his importance but sees a sudden cultic revival in Uruk in the Hellenistic period. The iconography of Papsukkal/Ninšubur, as known from terracotta figurines of the Neo-Assyrian and Neo-Babylonian periods, is of a standing male sporting a beard and a horned cap and holding a long staff. Such figurines were often found in temples of other deities, placed beneath cult statues, in keeping with the attendant role of the god.

To find out how Ninshubur is a key to the Ishtarfest, join us on Friday, June 17th, 2016 – Sunday, June 19th, 2016 for the Shapatu of Ishtar in Central NJ. This information is brought to you by the Hands of Change coven, a non-profit organization for Earth based spirituality. To register for this event, please click here. If you’d be interested in vending for this event, please click here.

Source: “Papsukkal (god).” Ancient Mesopotamian Gods and Goddesses -. Web. 25 Mar. 2016. <;.


Comments are closed.

%d bloggers like this: